The Taj Mahal

Emilia Medina, Reporter

The Taj Mahal is an immense mausoleum of white marble and was built in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by the orders of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favorite wife. The Taj is the jewel of Muslim art and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage. The Taj Mahal is located on the right bank of the Yamuna River in a vast Mughal garden. Construction started in 1632 AD and was completed in 1648 AD along with the mosque, the guest house and the main gateway on the south, the outer courtyard, and its cloisters were added subsequently and completed in 1653 AD.

The Taj is considered to be the greatest architectural achievement in the whole range of Indo-Islamic architecture and it recognized architectural beauty has a rhythmic combination of solids and voids, concave and convex, and light and shadow. It has arches, domes, lush green landscaping, a reddish pathway, and blue sky over it showcases the momentum of changing tints and moods and increases the aesthetic aspect. 

By the mid-18th century, as the Mughal power crumbled, the Taj Mahal was neglected in the two centuries after Shah Jahan’s death. Near the 19th century, Lord Curzon, then British viceroy of India, ordered a major restoration of the mausoleum complex as a part of a colonial effort to preserve India’s artistic and cultural heritage. Today, every Indian takes pride in the beauty of the Taj Mahal and its heritage. This monument is famous across the world. 2 to 4 million people come to visit the great Taj Mahal every year. The beauty and history of the monument attract people, making it famous all over the world.